Monday, May 26, 2014

Gona Chiefs

The Gonas or Konas (1190 AD - 1294 AD), of Haihaya descent, are the feudatories of Kakatiyas and ruled over tracts around Raichur with Vardhamanapuram (Mahabubnagar) as capital. 

The main centres of this Kingdom are Vardhamanpuram and Budapuram (Bhoothpur).

Claiming descent from Kartaviryarjuna and also lorship over Mahishmati.
Gona Kata Bhupati
Gona Kata, a minister of Kakatiya Ganapati, was a warrior whose feet are said to have been worshipped by his foes.

Rudra Narendra

Buddha I

Vithaia Raja

Gona Budha Reddy


Kakatiya king Pratapa Rudra of Warrangal gave land grants to clear forests. The Gona family, headed by Immadi Reddy, was responsible for the eastern section of the doab where Gadwal became established. 

Gona Budda Reddy had 3 sons and 1 daughter. Gona Ganapa Reddy( also known as Gona Ganna Reddy), Gona Kacha Reddy, Gona Vitalanatha and Kappambhika.

Kacha Reddy and Vitalanatha Reddy were poets, who penned to complete the Ranganatha Ramayanam started by their father, Gona Budda Reddy.( Ranganatha Ramayanam was the first Telugu Ramayanam written in Telugu literature by Gona Budda Reddy.This is written in Dwipada Chandassu). Gona Budda Reddy’s daughter got married to Malyala Gunda Dandadeeshudu.

The Gona family also had matrimonial relations with the Malyalas. Gona Kuppamba married Malyala Gunda Dandanatha.
Gona Lakuma Reddy
After Gona Budda Reddy’s death, His brother Gona Lakuma Reddy took over the kingdom. Gona Lakuma Reddy was not loyal to Kakatiya kings. After observing that his uncle Lakuma Reddy not being loyal to Kakatiya kings, Gona Ganna reddy, took over the kingdom of Vardhamaanapuram and helped Kakatiya kings in many wars. 

Gona Ganna Reddy
Gona Ganna Reddy the most loyal vassal of the katakiya queen Rudramdevi, crushed the revolt and made them surrender completely to the absolute power of the queen.

Ganna's many titles speak of his valour and political success was a great general of Rudradeva. Won a victory over Telugu Cholas. 

After Gona Ganna Reddy rule, His brother-in-law Malyala Gundanna became the king of Vardhamanapuram. 

1276 AD : Malyala Gundanna
Malyala Gundanna constructed several lakes with the help of his brother-in-law Gona Ganna Reddy and died in 1276 AD at the time of Rudrama Devi's rule.

1294 AD : Gona Vithala

The Kakatlya feudatory ruling at Vardhamanapura in the Mahbubnagar district.

Gona Ganna's chief minister was Vithala, his own brother. Vithala is described as the rajyarakshamani, the jewel amulet of his kingdom, protector of people, aware of his duties, possessor of good qualities and the ruler of the kingdom of Raichur.
The third Kakatiya offensive was directed against the Seuna Yadavas, who were also allies of Ambadeva. The main participant in this offensive seems to have been Gona Vithala, a Kakatiya subordinate who was ruling at Vardhamanapur in southwest Telangana. Gona Vithala captured the forts of Adavani and Tumbalam in the modern-day Bellary district, as well as Manuva and Hanuva in the Raichur doab. He then proceeded to capture the town of Raichur itself, where a fort was erected. Thus, the Seuna Yadavas had lost control over their southernmost territories in the Krishna-Tungabhadra basin. The Kakatiya invasion of this region seems to have occurred around 1294, the date of Gona Vithala's inscription describing his military achievements.




The history of Andhra Country - Yashoda Devi




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