Thursday, February 20, 2014

Kandur Cholas

Kandur Cholas (1080 AD - 1260 AD) ruled parts of Mahabubnagar (Jadcharla and Acchampet taluks) and Nalgonda (Nalgonda and Miryalguda taluks) districts with Kanduru, Panugallu and Vardhamanpura as their capitals. 

These kings are described that they were belongs to Karikala chola family. 


The region of Kandurunadu located south of the Kakatiya territory formed the yuvaraja-vritti or kumara-vritti (royal appanage) of Kumara Tailapa, the younger brother of the Chalukya king Somesvara III. It appears that Kumara Tailapa was active in the region even during the reign of his father, King Vikramaditya, as Tailapa's earliest inscriptions in Kandurunadu date to 1110 C.E. In addition to Kandurunadu, Kumara Tailapa also held the province of Sindavadi, with its capital at Tumbalam (near Adoni). 

It seems that Tailapa distributed the governorship of Kandurunadu between two brothers of the Choda family, Bhima III (who held Kanduru) and Gokarna I (who held Panugallu). 

Prince Tailapa eventually sought to become independent of his elder brother. While Bhima III agreed to fight for Tailapa, Gokarna I remained loyal to King Somesvara. As a result, it seems that Gokarna was killed by Kumara Tailapa and Bhima III in 1128.

Prola II, at the behest of King Somesvara, invaded Kandurunadu to put an end to the rebellion. Prola attacked the general Govinda-damdesa, who had received Panugallu from Kumara Tailapa after Gokarna was killed. Upon defeating and killing Govinda-damdesa, Prola restored Panugallu to Udaya Choda, the son of Gokarna. Prola's campaign into Panugallu seems to have occurred sometime between 1128 and 1136. 

Panagallu, Kandur, Ghanapuram, Gangapuram, Vardhamanapuram, Amrabad, Rachur, Kodur, Maghatala (Makthal), Vangur, Munnanur are having the forts in various places of this district and protected the kingdom. 

Karikala

c.1050 - Eruva Bhima I
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Somesvara I (1042 - 1068).

Granted the lordship of Cheraku together with its 12 villages to Cheraku Chief Kata I.

c.1065 - Tonda I
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Somesvara I (1042 - 1068).

c. 1076 - Bhimachoda II

The Chalukyan emperor, Someswara-11 (1068 - 1076)  who ruled over the district. The Kolanupaka inscriptions dated A.D. 1070 and A.D. 1075 respectively. These inscriptions are interesting, for the former mentions a’ reddimanya’ probably a service endowment granted to reddy, who was a village officer, while the letter refers to a levy called settisumka meaning “a mercantile tax”.
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI (1076 - 1126). It is likely that Bhima Choda II fought beside Vikramaditya VI in a civil battle with this brother Somesvara II (1068 - 1076) and obtained Kandurnadu region for his services.

An inscription found at Nagai dated 1058 AD, Ayyarasa of Haihaya family was ruling Kandurnadu under Somesvara I.

Bhimachoda II had four sons (Tonda II, Iruga, ?, Mallikarjunachoda) by his wife ganagadevi.

c. 1091 - 1105 Tonda II
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI (1076 - 1126). 
Assumed responsibilities well before his father died c. 1091.

Mallikarjunachoda might be appointed as governor to Amanakallu-70, a  part of Kandurnadu.

Udayachoda I, Bhimachoda III, Gokarnachoda I are the sons of Tonda II.

1105 - 1136 : Udayachoda I, Gokarnachoda I, Sridevi Tondya

Panugallu inscription dated A.D. 1122 states that Mahamandaleshwar Kanduri Gokarna Choda Maharaja ruling the earth, who have granted whose Madugulapalli (Madugula) inclused in Kukkadam (Gukkadam 30) to Bhimana Peggada and also adluru (Addaluru) which was one of the part in Amanagallu (Namanakanti – 70), granted to Doddayabhatlu before that ruler Gokarna Choda washing foots of his said above subordinates. This was shows the greatness of the king Kanduri Gokarna Choda.

Panagallu inscription (1124) deign with the Kanduri Chola Tondanripa and his wife mailambika who the Kanduri Chola Udayaditya, Bhima and gokarna granted an agrahara called Choda Bhima Narayanapuram to 108 Brahmanas.

Kumara Tailapa the younger son of Vikramaditya VI was in possession of kandurnadu-1100 and Sindvadi-1000 with its capital at Tumbalam near Adoni and wanted to assert independence over kandurnadu.

Since the accession of Somesvara III signs of disloyalty surfaced among Kandur chodas.

The anumala inscription dated 1217-18 refers to Gokarnachoda I as the subordinate of Western Chalukya king Somesvara III (1126 - 1138) , probably ruling on behalf of Sridevi Tondya son of Udayachoda I.

Bhimachoda III was ruling with Vardhamanapura as his capital.

Sridevi Tondya and Bhimachoda III supported the cause of kumara Tailapa whereas Gokarnachoda I stood firmly on the side of emperor Somesvara III.

1105 - 1157 Bhimachoda III
It appears that Bhimachoda III, armed with material and moral support of Kumara Tailapa, killed his younger brother Gokarnachoda I.

None of the records on or after 1157 dated in Chalukya Vikram year. Thus, Kakatiya Rudradeva launched an expedition against Telugu Choda chiefs between 1157 and 1162. In this expedition rudradeva attacked Vardhamanapuram and drove Bhimachoda III along with his followers to forest.

1136 AD - 1176 AD : Udayachoda II Son of Gokarnachoda I
General : Arasalu


Sirikonda inscription dated A.D.1149 states that, Mahamandalika ketaya of the Pallava lineage obtained kondapallinadu by means of charter from Mahamandaleshwar Koduru Udayana Choda maharaja who was ruling Sirikonda-rajya, made the gift of lands and tolls on various articles of merchandise to the Gods namely adjusted in to the God’s hundi.

Kakatiya Prola II defeated Bhimachoda III and Sridevi Tondya and reinstated Udayachoda II as the ruled of Panugallu rajya. Bhimachoda II continued to rule Vardhamanapuram.

Subordinate of Jagadekamall II (1138 - 1151) and Subordinate to Kakatiya Rudradeva (1158 - 1195).

Kata, Mara and two Erras, the cheraku chiefs assisted Kakatiya Rudra in defeating Udayachoda II who made peace by giving his daughter Padma in marriage to Kaktiya Rudradeva.

Bhimachoda IV and Gokarnachoda II are the sons of Udayachoda II.

1176 AD - 1235 AD : Bhimachoda IV
Bhimachoda IV and Gokranachoda were ruling Kandur jointly and are contemporaries to Kakatiya Rudradeva and Ganapatideva (1199 - 1262). 

1176 AD - 1248 AD : Gokarnachoda II

Malnathadevachoda

1282 AD : Ramanathadevachoda
Ruling Miryalaguda Taluk of Nalgonda district as the subordinate of Kakatiya Rudramadevi (1262 - 1289)

Recherla family was ruling pillalamarri and nagalpadu region in Nalgonda district.

1224 AD : Gona Ganapayya Son of Gona Budha Reddi obtained by the grace of Ganapatideva, the Kandur-nadu which he was ruling from Vardhamanapura.

Cheraku chief Cheraku Bollaya was ruling Nandikotkur of Kurnool and Achampet Taluk of Mahaboobnagar.

Kayastha Chief Ganagaya Sahini was ruling the region extending from Panugallu in Nalgonda District to Valluru in the Cuddapah district.





The History of Andhra Country, 1000 A.D.-1500 A.D.

By Yashoda Devi

Telugu Chodas of Kandur by G. Satyanarayana rao

http://www.allresearchjournal.com/archives/2015/vol1issue12/PartO/1-11-150.pdf



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