Thursday, January 2, 2014

Nizamabad History

Nizamabad was formerly known as Indur and Indrapuri. Nizamabad was ruled by Rashtrakutas in the 8th century, was ruled by the king "Indra Vallabha Panthya Varsha Indra Som". The city was named after him. 

In the year 1905 the railway line between Secundrabad and Manmad was constructed. The railway station was named after then ruler of the Nizam state "Nizam-ul-Mulk" as Nizamabad. The railway line connects Hyderabad and Mumbai. It is like North-South corridor. Has the distance of 161 km from Hyderabad and 640 km from Mumbai.

Nizamabad history is dated back to the very inception of human civilization. Paleolithic tools, cooking utensils and weapons excavated at Pochampad, a site in Nizamabad, indicates the existence of the town in the Stone Age. Its story of evolution is an interesting chapter in the volumes of the history of India.

700 BC - 300 BC : Assaka/Asmaka/Ashmaka  (The 16 Mahajanapadas)
In the 6th century BC, Ashmaka, a Surya Vamsha king, established a kingdom and built the city Poudana. This city was later captured by King Karna with the help of the Nagula tribe. Consequently it is believed that the inhabitants of Poudana were descendants of the Nagula tribe and therefore were brave and fearless in nature.

300 BC - 185 BC :  Mauryan Empire
Ashmaka soon moved into the hands of the Nanda kings. They were however severely defeated by Chandragupta Maurya who established his control over the territory with the help of his shrewd and intelligent Prime Minister Kautilya or Chanakya. 

Mauryas were followed by the Satavahanas, Ikshwakas, Vishna Kundinas, and the Badami Chalukyas who established their sovereignty over Nizamabad. It is little wonder that their rule have sufficiently contributed in influencing its heritage and culture.

230 BC  – 220 AD : Satavahanas  ( Were vassals of Mauryan Empire)​

220 AD - 250 AD : Ikshvaku Tribe 

250 AD - 500 AD : Vakataka Dynasty

500 AD - 543 AD : Vishnukundins

543 AD - 753 AD : Badami Chalukyas

753 AD - 982 AD : Rashtrakuta Dynasty
In the 8th century, the Rashtrakuta king Indra Vallabha Panthya Varsha Indra Som ruled over Ashmaka. His long and effective reign led people to rename this city after its great ruler to commemorate his successfulreign. Hence Ashmaka came to be known as Indur or Indrapuri. The name remains etched in the minds and hearts of its people who wish to refer to their favorite city with its old name as an endearment. Indur soon assumed significant prominence as is evident from its reference in the religious scriptures of various Indian religions namely Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism.

982 AD - 1158 AD : Western Chalukyas (Kalyani Chalukyas)

1158 AD - 1323 AD : Kakatiya Dynasty

1323 AD - 1336 AD : Tughlaq Dynasty
In 1323 Indur faced its first Muslim onslaught. The brave Nagula blood flowing in their veins led them to fight fiercely with the Muslim sultans in a bid to protect their independence. However, the huge Muslim army ultimately forced them to surrender in defeat in 1323 when Ul-ug Khan captured Bodhan Fort and Kotagiri. In 1324, Indur formally came to be included in the sovereignty of the sultans.

1325 AD – 1350 AD : Musunuri Nayaks

1350 AD – 1518 AD : Bahmani Sultanate

In 1350 when the Bahamani kings established their hold over Indur, the city underwent another turning point in its history. For a considerable period after that till 1500 AD, the existence of Indur was seeped in confusion. It came to be ruled by the Bahamani kings as well as by the Vijayanagar kings both of whom began to force their control over Indur by turns. The fall of the Bahamani kings at the hands of the Qutub Shahi kings lent a new influence on Indur. 

1509 AD – 1529 AD : Vijayanagara Empire (Tuluva dynasty) - Krishna Deva Raya Rule

1518 AD – 1687 AD : Qutbshahis / Golconda Sultanate
It came to be adorned with Qutub Shahi architecture namely forts
built at Bodhan, Kotagiri Kowlas Nala and so on.

1687 AD - 1724 AD : Mughal Empire 
The Asaf Jahi occupation followed soon after. 

1724 AD - 1948 AD : Asaf Jahis
With the ascent of Aurangzeb to the throne of Delhi, the Golkonda kingdoms including Indur came into the hands of the Mughals. 

Indur's role in the 1857 mutiny led it to be included in the Indian union. Since it continued to remain under the aegis of the Nizams, Indur was then renamed as Nizamabad. The district of Nizamabad
finally came to be formed in 1956 AD. This marked the entry of Indur into the modern era.

Sep 17, 1948 - Oct 31, 1956 : Hyderabad State, India.

1 November, 1956  - 1 June, 2014 Andhra Pradesh State, India 

2 June, 2014 : Telangana State, India.

1905 : The modernization of Indur can be traced back to 1905 and can be marked by the laying down of railway tracks between Secunderabad and Manmad. This was the first time a mode of transport was being set up to establish faster communication between Nizamabad and the rest of the world.

1923 : In 1923 Nizamabad district witnessed the construction of the Nizam Sagar Dam. Built across the River Manjira in Achampet, it irrigates around 250,000 acres of land in the district. It is also considered to be one of the biggest irrigation projects that meet the water consumption requirements for the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.

Nizamabad History has found a significant position in the annals of history. Its birth, growth and advancement towards modern civilization have ensured that it justifies its right to earn and retain that position.