Friday, January 10, 2014

Mudigonda Chalukyas

c.850 AD - 1200 AD 

Founder : Ranamarda
Capital : Mudigonda

The Mudigonda Chalukyas were based east of the Kakatiya territories. They hailed from the village of Mudigonda (located near modern Khammam), and ruled most of modern-day Khammam district and east area of Warangal between the 8th and 12th centuries. They were originally subordinates of the Chalukyas of Vengi, but later passed under the suzerainty of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani. From c.1000 onwards, Bottu Beta and his successors ruled as subordinates of the Kakatiyas.

The history of family is known to us from the Mogilicheruvula grant of Kusumayudha IV, Kukunuru plates (krivvaka grant) of Kusumaditya and Nattaramesvaram records.

Their kingdom bordered the kingdoms of Vengi and Malkhed. 

Gonagudu I

Kokkiraja, Son
Ruled from Capital Mudigonda.
Kokkiraja was a valorous king who ruled the kingdom with the help of his brother Ranamarda.

c.850 AD - 870 AD : Ranamarda, Brother
He must have served the Eastern Chalukyas first and was given Koravi region by them to rule, with Mudigonda as Capital.
According to Mogilicharla inscription he developed Manchikonda, Kondapalli as cities and reportedly wore a necklace called 'Ranamarda Kantiya' to denote his victories.

870 AD - 895 AD : Kusumayudha I
Kusumayudha I aided the escape of Vengi Chalukya Bhima I (892 - 921) from Rashtrakuta Vassal Vemulawada Chalukya Baddega I (c.850-895) who showed dauntless courage and remarkable bravery in restoring the Vengi kingdom to Chalukya Bhima I.

Kusumayudha has 2 sons Vijayaditya Gonaga and Niravadya.

895 AD - 910 AD : Vijayaditya Gonaga / Gonagudu II 
Gonagayya who lost his kingdom went to Arikesari II of Vemulawada Chalukyas for help.

910 AD - 935 AD : Niravadya (Nijjayaraja)
The Koravi grant mentions that Niravadya brother of Vijayaditya Gonaga usurped the throne.
Recaptured Mudigonda in 934 AD. Ruled koravi in warangal as vassal to Vengi Chalukya Bhima II.

935 AD - 960 AD : Kusumayudha II son of Vijayaditya Gonaga
Ruled Koravi region

960 AD - 980 AD : Vijayaditya

980 AD - 1000 AD : Kusumayudha III 
He had four sons Gonaga, Nijjayaraja, Mallapa and Lobhachalaka.
Gonaga and Nijjayaraja came to the throne successively after the death of Kusumayudha III.
995 AD - Bottu Beta

Viriyala Erra supported by Western Chalukya King Taila II (973 – 997) killed Kakatiya King Gunda IV (950 - 995) and installed Bottu Beta as the ruler of koravi.

c.1000 AD - 1025 AD : Gonaga 

c.1025 AD - 1050 AD : Nijjayaraja 

c.1050 AD - 1075 AD : Kusumayudha IV

c.1075 AD - 1100 AD : Betaraja I

c.1100 AD - 1125 AD : Kusumayudha V

c.1125 AD - 1150 AD : Betaraja II

c.1150 AD - 1175 ADKusumayudha VI
Kaktiya Rudra in his last days deputed his general Recherla Rudra to subdue the Bottu chief of Koravi.  Kusumayudha VI along with his ministers Karunadhi pati, Indaparaju and Devaraju was forced to retreat to the forest and lived underground for 12 years and later recaptured the kingdom.

1175 AD - 1200 AD : Nagatiraja
Nagatiraja was the last prominent ruler in this dynasty.
Katakana Mahadeva died in 1198 AD and his son Ganapatidev captured, Nagatiraja attached Kaktia kingdom. Recherla Rudra came to the rescue and chased away Nagatiraja. After the release of Kakatiya Ganapatideva, he annexed the Mudigonda region to the Kaktiya empire.  Thus ended the rule of Mudigonda Chalukya dynasty in c.1200 AD. 

1218 AD : According to the Srikakulam inscription, Nagatiraja who lost his kingdom lived in Konalu region.

Bottu Sriramabhadra : Issued inscription in Gopalaswamy temple at Srikakulam.వేములవాడ-ముదిగొండ.html

Inscriptions of the Minor Chalukya Dynasties of Andhra Pradesh

 By Kolluru Suryanarayanaవేములవాడ-ముదిగొండ-చాళుక్యులు-15-2-477398.aspx