Friday, January 2, 2015

Adilabad

Revenue divisions : 2 (Adilabad and Utnoor)
Mandals           : 18 
Population        : 708,952
Area (km2)        : 4,185.97
Rivers            : Penganga, Kadem
Highways          : NH 44
Collector         : Buddha Prakash
M.L.A             : Jogu Ramanna, Ajmeera Rekha, Rathod Bapurao


Adilabad is divided into 4 new districts Adilabad, Mancherial, Nirmal, Komaram Bheem Asifabad.

Korata-Chanaka barrage on Penuganga river being constructed at a cost of 1,227 crore, is aimed to irrigate 50,000 acres.

No. of mandalsRevenue divisionsMandal Names
12Adilabad 
  • Adilabad Urban 
  • Adilabad Rural 
  • Mavala 
  • Gudihatnoor 
  • Bajahatnoor 
  • Bela 
  • Boath 
  • Jainath
  • Tamsi
  • Bheempur
  • Talamadugu
  • Neradigonda
  • Ichoda
  • Sirikonda
4Utnoor 
  • Indervelly 
  • Narnoor 
  • Gadiguda 
  • Utnoor

Adilabad is an important tourist destination of Telengana. Some places worth visiting at Adilabad are the Kuntala waterfalls, St Joseph’s cathedral, the Kadam Dam, Sadarmutt anicut, the Mahatma Gandhi Park and the Basara Saraswathi Temple.


During the Bangladesh war, Adilabad district had provided the shelter for immigrants and provided all facilities at Isgoan near Kagaznagar.

Adilabad district is synonymous for the forests.about 43% of land is occupied by forest.The greatest contribution of this district is Bio diversity in flora and fauna. There are many types of spices are existing in the forests.The forest is source of rains and rivers.The kaddam river and peddavagu born in this district.The forest wealth has been attracting many tribals to adilabad district. Alot of timber has been generated in Adilabad district and exported to India and world.The forest biproducts such as honey, beedi leaves, paper is also exported to many parts of India and world.

The forest timber and vast lands in the district enabled to established the Sirpur Khagaznagar paper mill by private enterprenuer.It has also created employement to the people of various places in India, leading to multi lingual , multi cultured town of Khagaznagar. 

The rivers and rivulets flowing from this districts are Godavari,Penganga, Wardha, kaddam, peddavagu, swarna, suddhavagu, satnala and pranahitha, etc.SRSP is on river Godavari. Gaddena vagu project is on Suddhavagu. Swarna project is on swarna river. Kaddam project is on kadam river.

The rivulets flowing from this district has caused waterfalls. The kuntala waterfall is the heighst waterfall in the state of Telangana and attracts many tourists from different parts of India. The pochera waterfall is also existing in this district. 
Due to the presence of water resources, Adilabad district exports the Vegetable and rice to the adjoining states.Thus, assuring the food security of other states also.

The natural resources available in the district are coal, iron and limestone. The coal is being excavated by singareni collaries Ltd.This coal is source for thermal power plants.The state of Telangana is mostly dependant on thermal energy for its energy needs, for which the Adilabad district coal is the major source.It had also created the largescale employement.Many people from all over India had migrated to coalbelt areas. The towns in coalbelt areas consists of cosmopolitan culture, due to this reason. The reason for early Urbanisation in the district of Adilabad can be attributed to the presence of coalmines.
The presence of limestone has lead to establishment of cement factories in the mancheryal division.it had also created employement in small scale. These factories have been instument in development of infrastucure in through out India. 

The diversified human resources are also an asset of the District. It is a hub for Many tribal groups. It reveals the amalgamation of many groups peacefully.The tribal groups living in the district includes Gondi, kolami, Nayakdi, Sugali (lambada), etc.
Adilabad district is a Multi lingual district. Educated people speak telugu, hindhi and english.Many people in Mudhole taluqa, Asifabad and sirpur taluqa speaks in marathi.Most of the muslims and countable number Hindhus speaks in Urdu.Major urdu speaking people are in Adilabad, Bhainsa, Khanapur, mancheryal and Khagaznagar. Lambada people speak in their own lambada language.Gonds speaks in Gondi and kolams speaks in Kolami language. Naikdis have their own Naikdi language.In the cosmopolitan towns of mancheryal, Ballepally, kagaznagar, and Bhainsa marwari language is spoken.
The development of National Highway No.7 , which is passing through this district, had also taught many lessons in terms of infrastucure development, land acquisition, revenue recovery, etc.It has become a pioneer to other road development projects.

Nirmal toys and paintings are very unique in nature.Artisans makes these toys and paintings with poniki wood available in the forests of Adilabad district. The articrafts are exported to many countries also.The paintings includes the Gods and Goddesses such as Radhakrishna, laxmidevi, Saraswathi,Shiva, vishnu, etc.Also the natural scenes like rural women, gopika, forest, forts, etc.are depicted. They manufactures the toys like tiger, crane, hen, cock, russian toys, etc.

Adilabad district was border of warangal kingdom during the kakatiyas. The Delhi kings invading the kakatiya kingdom has to pass through the Khagaznagar in Adilabad district. When the boarders were protected in Adilabad district, kakatiyas used to prepare for the war.When borders were neglected, it use to be easy for Delhi rulers to defeat the warangal kings.When Tughlaq launched his final attack, there were not even five soldiers were present in Kagaznagar area.Thus, Adilabad district acted as strategic point in the history of medieval India.

Moist struggle in Adilabad district has taught many lessons.It took voilent form for the first time in tapalpur.The incidents of Alampally and Rajura blasting took place.Government had recognised it as a socio economic problem also.The safety measures of gaurding police stations were implementated in the district. The same was emulated by other districts and states.It also resulted to migrations of upper class and caste people to urban areas leading to mitigating the inequalities.Govt recognised the need of developing the infrastucure in the moist affected areas and backward regions.A scheme by name BRGF is also formulated for development of Backward regions.Many new jobs were given to tribals to amalgamate them in to main stream.Many new hostels were established for the educational development of tribals, scheduled castes and Backward classes, leading to educational development in the district. 

In the ancient daysInternal and external trade through river Godavari was carried out.There are historical evidences for it.Meghasthanese mentioned about Kotilingala fort.It may be also a port town in ancient days.All the commerce of Adilabad use to take place through this port.People of Kotilingala , chennur, jannaram, etc.had established settlements in other districts. There is one Kotilingala revu in Rajahmundry is the evidence for the flourishing commercial relations from Adilabad district to that place. (for details read my other blog Ancient commercial relations of Adilabad and karimnagar via khammam). Thus, Adilabad district had exported many materials to other parts of the state and to foriegn lands too.

Adilabad watersupply scheme from Mavala is worth mentioning because it runs on gravity, without the use 7of energy for pumping.It had become an citation to prepare project report to prepare water supply schemes to run on gravity to save alot of energy and there by cutting the costs of manufacturing potable water



References:
1.Andhrula Charithra -telugu academy publication
2.official website of Adilabad district. @ adilabad.nic.in
3.Namaste telangana sunday special.





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